Đề cương cuộc thi tìm hiểu Nghi Lộc 550 năm hình thành và phát triển

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Outline of the competition to learn about Nghi Loc 550 years of formation and development

The contest to learn about the history of formation and development of Nghi Loc district is a practical activity towards the 550th anniversary of the district’s establishment (1469 -2019) and 125 years of the name Nghi Loc (1894 -2019). Below is the outline of the contest to learn about Nghi Loc 550 years of formation and development, collected by Cmm.edu.vn for your reference.




Outline of the competition to learn about Nghi Loc 550 years of formation and development

I. The 550-year milestone of the administrative unit of Nghi Loc district:

Like many other lands of Vietnam, up to now, the administrative boundaries and names of Nghi Loc district have changed many times through historical periods.

When Binh Dinh King Le Loi marched to Dong Do, he divided our country into 4 religions. When driving the Ming invaders out of the territory, in March of the year of Mau Than (1428), King Le Thai To divided the whole country into 5 religions (Southern Dao, Northern Dao, Eastern, Western and Hai Tay Dao) and allowed Governments, districts, highways and towns belong to these religions. At that time, Nghe An government along with Thanh Hoa, Tan Binh and Thuan Hoa belonged to the Hai Tay Dao.

In June of the Year of the Dog, the seventh year of Quang Thuan (1466), King Le Thanh Tong mapped the whole country into 12 religions: Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Thuan Hoa, Thien Truong, Nam Sach, Quoc Oai, and Northern. Giang, An Bang, Hung Hoa, Tuyen Quang, Thai Nguyen, Lang Son and Trung Do. In the third month of the year of the Ox, the 10th year of Quang Thuan (1469), King Le Thanh Tong continued to determine the number of palaces, districts, and continents for 12 sects. Nghe An province has 9 wards, 27 districts and 3 continents. Chan Phuc district belonged to Duc Quang government, Thua Tuyen Nghe An district (present-day Nghi Loc district).

The Hong Duc Map (drawn in 1490) also clearly states that Chan Phuc district belongs to Duc Quang, Thua Tuyen Nghe An. Chan Phuc district has 37 communes, 8 villages and 1 department.

During the Mac Dynasty (1527 – 1597), Le Trung Hung (1533 – 1788), the name Chan Phuc district remained the same. In the documents on armor when written about Nguyen Khue (1738 – ?) – who passed the Third Armored Bronze Doctorate (PhD) of Dinh Mui Faculty, the first Chieu Thong era (1787), the reign of King Le Man De – is from Dang Xa commune, Chan Phuc district.

Under Le Trung Hung, there was an event related to the place name of Chan Phuc district, it was in September of the year Dinh Hoi (1767), when Lord Trinh Sam combined or removed a number of districts: “Trinh Sam Under the pretext that the people in the country are in decline and loss, if many officials are appointed only to annoy the people, thinking of changing that bad set, they plan to implement the consolidation or reduction of 4 wards and 29 districts. . These governments and districts all give the district government arbitrary and reasonable access.” Accordingly, Nghe An has 1 government and 1 district: Phu Anh Do (now changed to Anh Son) cum Ly Phu Dien Chau; Nghi Xuan district and Chan Phuc district (now changed to Chan Loc). That means, Chan Loc district will be governed by Nghi Xuan district and both belong to Duc Quang government, Nghe An town.

It can be said that, in the history of Vietnamese feudalism, King Le Thanh Tong was the first to arrange and arrange administrative units from the subordinate level to the government, district, continent and down to the administrative level. the main establishment (commune, village, page, book, department, cave). And, also for the first time, he decided to “set the map in the whole country” into a common map, unified for a long time, that is the map of Hong Duc. Therefore, the place name and boundary of Chan Phuc district appearing on the Hong Duc map is an important historical event.

Under the Tay Son Dynasty (1789 – 1802), because King Quang Trung ordered the construction of Phuong Hoang Trung Do in Dung Quyet commune, Chan Loc district, Nghe An town was changed to Trung Do. There was also a time, Nghe An was called Nghia An town, because in the book Tay Son Bang Giao Luc mentioned this name.

In a letter sent to La Son Phu Tu Nguyen Thiep in March 1788, King Quang Trung wrote: “Remembering the previous loan period, when passing through Hoanh Son, Guo Cung used to open a map and see it in Chan Loc district. Yen Truong commune has a spacious shape, bright weather, can choose to build a new capital. It’s such a beautiful place to be.” The book Hoang Le Nhat Thong Chi added: “King Quang Trung thought that Nghe An was in the middle of the country, the roads from the South to the North were all equal, and his ancestral homeland was also there, so he ordered the requisition. a lot of workers, transport wood, stone, brick, tile to build palaces, castles. Build the citadel around and send soldiers to dig local laterite to build the inner city. Build a three-storey Dragon building and Thai palace with two corridors for the room to use until the summer court ceremony. This citadel is known as the central city of Phoenix or the Phoenix of the Middle East.” Today, based on various sources, Trung Do Phoenix is ​​located between Meo Mountain (Ky Lan Mountain) and Quyet Mountain (Phoenix Mountain).

That is to say, Chan Phuc district has a very important geo-political position – where the Trung Do Phuong Hoang of the Tay Son Dynasty is located. Chan Phuc district was renamed Chan Loc district, for two reasons:

Firstly, due to the abstinence of Emperor Quang Trung’s father, Ho Phi Phuc. In the section “Trung chi II family Ho” of Ho Tong The genealogy said: Ho Si Anh (Ho The Anh) was born Ho The Viem; Ho The Viem was born Ho Phi Khang; Ho Phi Khang gave birth to 5 sons: Ho Phi Phu, Ho Phi Tho, Ho Phi Tru, Ho Phi Huong and Ho Phi Phuc; Ho Phi Phuc gave birth to 3 sons: Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue and Nguyen Lu. The book of Dong Khanh geography also records: “The Tay Son dynasty abstained from the word Phuc (the surname of the Nguyen lords), changed it to Chan Loc”.

Secondly, due to abstinence with the violent punishment of the Phoenix, Nguyen Phuc. In the section about the character Bui Duong Lich, the book Nghe An signed said: “[Nguyễn] Hue entered the audience hall [vua Lê], presenting his orthodox respect, please summon all the literary and martial officials to the sutras. Collect rice from Huu Vien warehouse and distribute it to the soldiers and people in the period who have just suffered from fire and war. All records reported to domestic people use the sign “Ngu money chi bao”. The military command of Tay Son used the sign “Phuong Thien punishes tyrant Nguyen Phuc””. From this event, researcher Ngo Duc Tho affirmed: “Similarly, the word Phuc in the clan name Nguyen Phuc became a word referring to the enemies of the Tay Son dynasty. Places with the word Phuc should be changed to avoid it.”

The fact that the Tay Son Dynasty changed the name of Chan Phuc district to Chan Loc was also confirmed by the geography ministries. The book Kham Khim Viet su Thong kong muong muc chua says: “Chan Loc (old Chan Phuc) is a name given from the Tay Son dynasty (1778-1801). similarly, neither the official history nor the geologic documents give a specific date for the name change.

Immediately after the Nguyen dynasty was established, on the Canh Tuat day of the sixth month of the year of the Dog (1802), King Gia Long made statistics of all towns, government offices and districts in the country in order to control and consolidate administrative units. In all, there are 14 towns, 47 prefectures, 187 districts, and 40 continents. Tran Nghe An has 9 districts (Duc Quang, Dien Chau, Ha Hoa, Anh Do, Tra Lan, Quy Chau, Tran Ninh, Lam An, Ngoc Ma) and 18 districts (Huong Son, Nghi Xuan, Thanh Chuong, La Son, etc.) Chan Loc, Thien Loc, Dong Thanh, Quynh Luu, Ky Hoa, Thach Ha, Nam Duong, Hung Nguyen, Tuong Duong, Vinh Hoa, Hoi Nguyen, Ky Son, Thuy Van, Trung Son”. 1804), Nghe An citadel was moved from Dung Quyet commune to An Truong commune.

According to the book Names of Vietnamese villages and communes in the early nineteenth century, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, Chan Loc district was one of six districts of Duc Quang government, Nghe An town. In which, Chan Loc district has 4 cantons, 66 communes, villages, wards, departments, pages, thousands:

1. General Thuong Xa has 21 communes, villages and wards: Ha Xa, Dien Xa, Huong Quan, Phu Ich, Thinh Truong (Dong Chu village, Xuan Tinh village, Ky Manh village), Thiem Loc, Bao O village, Vong village. Nhi belongs to Ang Do commune, Mai phu Trang, Van Loc, Ang Do, Thuong Xa, and Hao Hop communes (Thu Lung village, Than Trung village, Huong Dinh village, Bao Thuy village, Hoa Due village, Lang Ngoai village, bordering Lap Thach). .

2. General Ngo Truong has 17 communes, wards and departments: Phan Xa (Phan village, Xuan Lieu village, Bao Dai village), Xuan An (An Toan village, Thuong Xa village, Trung Ngu village, My Hau village), the department. Duc Quang, Tu village belongs to Ngo Xa, Chan An, Dung Quyet communes (Thuong village, Ha village), An Truong, Giap Am, An Luu, Thuy Cu ward.

3. Total Kim Nguyen has 11 communes, villages, wards and thousands: Kim Nguyen, Cam Truong, Ky Phuc, Kim Khe hamlet in Cao Xa commune, Thinh Hoa, Tri Trai, Thuoc Duoc, Vong Nhi and Kim Khe wards (Thuong village). , Trung village), ten thousand Trai Trai.

4. Dang Xa total has 17 communes, villages and pages: Dang Xa (Bao Chiem village, Hoang Cam village), Dang Dien (Hoang Cam village, Bao Chiem village, Thuy Dac village), Hai Con, Loc Hai, Dong Hai (Hoang Cam village, Bao Chiem village, Thuy Dac village). Co Dan village, Bao Lan village, Co Bai village, Chinh Vi village, Bao An village), Loc Tho, Kinh Duong, Lieu Cu, Loc Chau, Nam Son.

In December of the Year of the Horse (1822), the government changed “Duc Quang government in Nghe An to be Duc Tho palace, Anh Do palace to be Anh Son government” and in December of the year of Binh Tuat (1826), Chan Loc and Thanh Chuong districts were allowed to change their laws. He entered Anh Son government because “before Duc Tho government ruled 6 districts (La Son, Huong Son, Thien Loc, Nghi Xuan, Thanh Chuong, Chan Loc) but Anh Son had only 2 districts (Nam Duong, Hung Nguyen), small and big. unequal. The king ordered the town god to cooperate with the dispatching official, Do Phuc Thinh, to carefully examine the terrain, but divide it, and choose where the roads are just right, then move to build the two palaces.”

In the year of Tan Mao (1831), King Minh Menh carried out administrative reform, Nghe An province still dominated 9 palaces (Anh Son, Dien Chau, Tuong Duong, Quy Chau, Lac Bien, Tran Ninh, Tran Tinh, Tran Dinh). Tran Bien) and 29 districts are Nam Duong, Hung Nguyen, Thanh Chuong, Chan Loc, Dong Thanh, Quynh Luu, Ky Son, Vinh Hoa, Trung Son, Thuy Van, Lien Huyen, Kham Huyen, Tuong Duong, Hoi Nguyen, Quang District, Xoi Huyen, Moc Huyen, Xa Ho, Sam To, Khang Huyen, Cat Huyen, Cam Linh, Tham Nguyen, Yen Son, Mong Son, Man Soan, Mang Lan, Cam Mon, Cam Cat. And, in the year of Mau Tuat (1838), Chan Loc district became the capital of Anh Son government.

During the reign of King Dong Khanh (1885 – 1888), Chan Loc was the district governor of Anh Son government of Nghe An province, with 4 cantons, 81 communes, villages and wards:

1. General Yen Truong, 26 communes and villages: Vinh Yen commune, Yen Truong commune (including the following villages: Trung My, Dong Yen, Yen Thinh, Nam Khang, Yen Vinh), Xuan Yen commune (including the following villages: Yen): Due, Yen Xa, Trung My, My Hau), Phan Xa commune (including the following villages: Phan village, Bao Dai village, Xuan willow village), Duc Lan commune (including the following villages: Ngo Truong, Ngo Xa, Giap Van Chan, Yen Dai), An Hau village, Loc Da commune, Yen Dung commune (including villages: Thuong village, Ha village, Duc My village), Duc Thinh commune, Duc Quang commune, Yen Luu commune, Thuy Cu ward.

2. General Dang Xa, 18 communes and villages: Loc Chau commune, Loc Hai commune, Loc Tho commune, Chan Duong commune, Hai Con commune, Dang Dien commune (including villages: Phu Vinh, Van Trach, Phuong Cuong), commune Dang Xa (including villages: Huong Cam, My Chiem), Dong Hai commune (including villages: Co Dan, Co Bai, Bao Loc, Bao Lan, Chinh Vi), Nam Son commune, Dang Yen commune, Hai Yen commune.

3. General Thuong Xa, 24 communes, villages and wards: Thuong Xa commune, My Xa commune, Van Xa commune, Thiem Loc commune, Xuan Tinh village, Dong Chu village, Ky Tran village, Phu Ich commune, Huong Dinh village, hamlet Huong Qua village, Thu Lung village, Than Trung village, Yen Trach village, Yen Luong village, Yen Due village, bordering Lap Thach, Huong Quan village, Kim O commune, Van Loc commune, Tan Loc village, Mai Huong commune, Mai Bang commune , Xuan Ang commune, Duc Vong ward.

4. Total Kim Nguyen, 13 communes, villages and wards: Kim Nguyen commune, Cam Truong commune, Ky Phuc commune, Chan Lac commune, Cao Xa commune, Ngoc Lan commune, Tri Thuy commune, Loc My village, Kim Thuong village, Kim village Trung, Thinh My Commune, Trung Hau Commune, Vong Nhi Ward.

The Dong Khanh Geography Book also distributes a lot of important information about Chan Loc district in this period: “The district capital is located in the territory of 2 communes Kim Nguyen and Cam Truong, surrounded by rice fields, each length is 30 zhang, the length of the cycle is 30 feet. vi 120 zhang. There is a door in the front. The eastern district borders the sea, the west borders Hung Nguyen district, the south borders the Nghi Xuan district, the north borders Hung Nguyen district. East and West are 25 miles apart. North and South are 42 miles apart. Multiply the ranks: 7,158 people (in which the army: 666 people). Public-private swidden fields and salt fields currently paying taxes: 12,330 acres 9 sao 7 meter 6 meter 3 cm 1 cup. In which: Fields and salt fields of all grades: 8,868 acres 5 sao 8 yards 7 inches 5 centimeters 6 cups. Land: 3,462 acres 3 sao 13 yards 8 inches 7 centimeters 5 cups.

See the details of the outline of the competition to learn about Nghi Loc 550 years of formation and development here.

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